Angelica (Angelica archangelica) Also known as Archangel, Garden Angelica, European Angelica & root of the Holy Ghost.
Uses - medicinal, culinary & cosmetic. One of the tallest and certainly very decorative herbs, it is a biennial but it will self seed itself. The leaves are fragrant, can be used fresh or dry. The stems used for cake decoration and to flavour food such as jam.
Bay (Laurus nobilis) Also known as Sweet bay, Bay Laurel, Sweet Laurel.
Uses - Culinary & medicinal. Frost hardy evergreen for a free draining soil in a sunny sheltered position. Pick the leaves for flavouring casseroles, stews and marinades.
Borage (Borago officinalis) Also known as Starflower.
Uses - Culinary & medicinal. A tall & vigorous annual which readily sets seed. It has hairy leaves and lovely blue star shaped flowers adored by bees. Young leaves used in salads, egg mayonnaise and cheep dips. The flowers are used in salads and vegetable soups.
Chives (Allium schoenoprasum)
Uses - medicinal & culinary. Hardy perennial with narrow leaves growing in clumps. Lovely mauve flower heads are attractive to bees. Chopped chives can be used in salads, cooked vegetables, soups and egg dishes.
Dill (Anethum graveolens) Also known as Dillseed & Dillweed.
Uses - Culinary & medicinal. Hardy annual for full sun in well drained soil, excellent in tubs & containers. Leaves and seeds are used in sauces to flavour fish, seafood & egg dishes. Also use with green & raw vegetable salads. Helps cure hiccups and induce sleep.
Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis) Also known as Blue Hyssop.
Uses - Culinary, medicinal & cosmetic. Bees are drawn to their blue flowers. Hardy to half hardy perennial for a dry soil in full sun. It is a very bitter herb so it is used sparingly, add the leaves to stews and baked vegetables. Flowers can be added to salads. It is used to flavour Chartreuse liqueur and is also used for eau de cologne. Leaves have antibacterial properties and infusions can be made to help ease coughs & colds.
Lavender (Lavendula angustifolia) Also known as English lavender.
Uses - Culinary, medicinal, cosmetic, insect repellent. Lovely herb with a wonderful fragrance, both the leaves and the flowers are scented. It is grown commercially on a large scale for it's essential oil. It is a fabulous plant for bees & butterflies and thrives in pots & containers in full sun. Lavender is said to have a calming effect and is used for headaches.
Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis)
Uses - medicinal & culinary. Hardy spreading perennial herb for any soil in sun or partial shade. Very definite lemon scent when the leaves are rubbed, it is a fragrant and easy to grow herb, adored by bees. The leaves are used in refreshing, digestive & calming tea, it adds flavour to chicken and fish dishes, desserts & summer drinks. It soothes skin irritations and insect bites.
Lemon verbena (Aloysia triphylla)
Uses - Culinary, medicinal, cosmetic & aromatic. Wonderful citrus scented herb makes a refreshing lemon verbena tea, it is added to fish, chicken, vinegars, fruit salads and summer drinks. It is widely used in the perfume industry as the dried leaves retain their fragrance. Prefers a sunny & sheltered spot in light, well drained soil. Half hardy.
Lovage (Levisticum officinale) Also known as Love parsley & sea parsley.
Uses - Culinary & medicinal. Very tall perennial for a damp soil in the sun or partial shade. Adds flavour to vegetable soups, casseroles, meat dishes. The candied stems are used to decorate cakes and trifles. Seeds are baked in bread & biscuits. The roots and seeds have digestive properties.
Golden Marjoram (Origanum vulgare 'Aureum)
Uses - Culinary. Hardy perennial suitable for any soil, some sun, excellent in pots & tubs. Use chopped leaves in soups, sauces, salads and with meats.
Oregano (Origanum vulgare) Also known as Wild Marjoram.
Uses - Culinary, medicinal & cosmetic. Hardy aromatic herb, very strong flavour, often used in Mediterranean cookery with meat & vegetables. Very attractive to bees & butterflies.
Flat leaved parsley (Petroselinum crispum)
Uses - Culinary & medicinal. Very strong flavour, preferred by chefs. Ideal for garnishing food and main ingredient fines herbs, used in stuffings and sauces. Freezes well in small quantities. Rich in vitamins and iron.
Sage (Salvia officinalis) Common sage, garden sage, green sage.
Uses - Culinary & medicinal. Hardy evergreen perennial for full sun and a light well drained soil. Strong flavour, used with pork, liver and other meat dishes & stuffings. Flowers used for garnish and decoration. Flavours cheese.
Sage 'Tricolor' (Salvia officinalis Tricolor AGM)
Uses - Culinary & medicinal. Use as common sage, in stuffings, stews, poultry and salads
Thyme Jekka's (Thymus Jekka)
Uses - Culinary, medicinal, cosmetic & aromatic. Hardy perennial for a light, dry and well drained soil in a sunny spot. Very strong flavour, use in fish dishes, chicken & vegetable dishes.
Broad leaved thyme (Thyme pulegiodes)
Uses - Culinary, medicinal, cosmetic & aromatic. All thymes are attractive to bees & butterflies and ideal for tubs & pots. Good strong flavour for use in salads, soups stews, sauces, stuffings & meat dishes.
Creeping thyme (Thymus serpyllum)
Uses - Culinary & medicinal. Excellent ground cover, loved by bees & butterflies. Use in stuffings and meat dishes.
Southernwood (Artemisia abrotanum) Also known as Lad's love, Old man.
Uses - Medicinal, culinary, decorative, insect repellent. Semi evergreen hardy shrub for well drained soil in a sunny spot. Strong bitter herb to use very sparingly, can be used to flavour cakes & vinegars. It has insect repellent qualities and if hung in bunches it will deter flies.
Woad (Isatis tinctorial)
Uses - Dye plant for it's blue pigment. Hardy biennial for a rich soil in a sunny spot. Leaves can be used during the summer.